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Frank M. Painter

About Frank M. Painter

I was introduced to Chiro.Org in early 1996, where my friend Joe Garolis helped me learn HTML, the "mark-up language" for websites. We have been fortunate that journals like JMPT have given us permission to reproduce some early important articles in Full-Text format. Maintaining the Org website has been, and remains, my favorite hobby.

Chiropractic Lexicon: Useful or Not?

By |January 7, 2023|Subluxation|

Chiropractic Lexicon: Useful or Not?

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   Asia Pacific Chiropractic Journal 2023; 3.3
David Cahill, BAppSc(Chiro)

President,
Australian Chiropractors Association



Obtaining an ultimate definition of this ‘something’ we have been addressing, successfully, for over 125 years is elusive, yet this allows flexibility when defining it within different contexts. This provides space for chiropractors to do this (both consciously and subconsciously) every day in practice, and over time to use their growing experience to add complexity and subtlety to their conceptual framework, and their application of their science and art. Millions of patients over the years would attest to the value in that.

Indexing Terms:   chiropractic; subluxation; definition; lexicon; rhetoric


From the FULL TEXT Article:

      We all address something

For well over a century, chiropractors have successfully been addressing ‘something’, primarily within the spine and its adjacent structures. They observed a phenomenon and devised ways to impact upon it. This resulted in health outcomes significant enough to grow a profession, and an associated body of literature evidence.

      Words were chosen

It was chosen early on to use the term subluxation, which is understandable as it often feels to palpation that some sort of misplacement is involved. Right from the very start, it was more than a ‘bone out of place’. Neurological involvement was part of the concept from the beginning, endeavouring to explain the body-wide effects that were observed.

      Concepts were developed

Over the years, conceptual frameworks for the ‘something’ were developed. This conceptual development was significantly clinician-driven and therefore, one would imagine, informed and motivated by patient outcomes; to this day our great strength. With time, these frameworks gained considerable complexity, and diversity. Again, this is understandable, as human beings are both complex and diverse. For example, the SOT group had a focus on dural attachments, CSF flow, and their relationship to the functioning of the sacrum and cranium; the various upper cervical techniques zeroed-in on adjusting C0, C1 and C2; Logan had more of a base-up approach, as did Gonstead, etc.

There are more articles like this @ our:

SUBLUXATION Section

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Measuring Musculoskeletal Pain in Infants, Children, and Adolescents

By |December 26, 2022|Chronic Pain, Musculoskeletal Pain, Pediatrics|

Measuring Musculoskeletal Pain in Infants, Children, and Adolescents

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017 (Oct); 47 (10): 712–730

  OPEN ACCESS   

Zoe A. Michaleff, BAppSc (Phty), PhD, Steven J. Kamper, BSc, BAppSc, PhD, et al.

Primary Care Centre,
Research Institute for Primary Care and Health Sciences,
Keele University,
Keele, Staffordshire
ST5 5BG United Kingdom.



Accurate, reliable, and timely assessment of pain is critical for effective management of musculoskeletal pain conditions. The assessment of pain in infants, children, and adolescents with and without cognitive impairment can be particularly challenging to clinicians for a number of reasons, including factors related to the consultation (eg, heterogeneous patient population, time constraints), the clinician (eg, awareness/knowledge of available pain scales), standardized assessment scales (eg, availability, psychometric properties, and application of each scale), the patient (eg, developmental stage, ability to communicate), and the context in which the interaction took place (eg, familiarity with the setting and physiological and psychological state).

As a result, pain is frequently not assessed or measured during the consultation and, in many instances, underestimated and undertreated in this population. The purpose of this article is to provide clinicians with an overview of scales that may be used to measure pain in infants, children, and adolescents.

There are more articles like this @ our:

PEDIATRICS Section

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Chiropractic Clinical Outcomes Among Older Adult Male Veterans With Chronic Lower Back Pain: A Retrospective Review of Quality-Assurance Data

By |December 14, 2022|Nonpharmacologic Therapies, Veterans|

Chiropractic Clinical Outcomes Among Older Adult Male Veterans With Chronic Lower Back Pain: A Retrospective Review of Quality-Assurance Data

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   J Chiropractic Medicine 2022 (Jun); 21 (2): 77–82

  OPEN ACCESS   

Brian A. Davis, DC, Andrew S.Dunn, DC, MS, MEd, Derek J. Golley, DC, MS, Dave R. Chicoine, DC, MS

Chiropractic Department,
VA Western New York Healthcare System,
Buffalo, New York.



FROM:  
Nahin ~ Pain 2017


Objective:   The purpose of this study was to determine whether a sample of older adult male U.S. veterans demonstrated clinically and statistically significant improvement in chronic lower back pain on validated outcome measures after a short course of chiropractic care.

Methods:   We performed a retrospective review of a quality-assurance data set of outcome metrics for male veterans, aged 65 to 89 years, who had chronic low back pain, defined as pain in the lower back region present for at least 3 months before evaluation. We included those who received chiropractic management from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2018. Paired t tests were used to compare outcomes after 4 treatments on both a numeric rating scale (NRS) and the Back Bournemouth Questionnaire (BBQ). The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) was set at 30% change from baseline.

There is more like this @ our:

NON-PHARMACOLOGIC THERAPY Section and the:

CHIROPRACTIC CARE FOR VETERANS Section

(more…)

We Built It, But Did They Come: Veterans’ Use of VA Healthcare System-Provided Complementary and Integrative Health Approaches

By |December 8, 2022|Veterans|

We Built It, But Did They Come: Veterans’ Use of VA Healthcare System-Provided Complementary and Integrative Health Approaches

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   J Gen Intern Med 2022 (Nov 30); 1-8
Stephanie L. Taylor, PhD, Hannah M. Gelman, PhD, Rian DeFaccio, MS, Jamie Douglas, MA, Matthew J. Hawrilenko, PhD, Nathan K. McGinty, BA, Adam Resnick, PhD,et al.

Center for the Study of Healthcare Innovation,
Implementation and Policy, Health Services Research & Development,
Greater Los Angeles VA Healthcare System, MC 151,
11301 Wilshire, Bldg. 206, 2nd Floor,
Los Angeles, CA, 90073, USA.



FROM:   Nahin ~ Pain 2017


Background:   Interest in complementary and integrative health (CIH) approaches, such as meditation, yoga, and acupuncture, continues to grow. The evidence of effectiveness for some CIH approaches has increased in the last decade, especially for pain, with many being recommended in varying degrees in national guidelines. To offer nonpharmacological health management options and meet patient demand, the nation’s largest integrated healthcare system, the Veterans Health Administration (VA), greatly expanded their provision of CIH approaches recently.

Objective:   This paper addressed the questions of how many VA patients might use CIH approaches and chiropractic care if they were available at modest to no fee, and would patients with some health conditions or characteristics be more likely than others to use these therapies.

There are more articles like this @ our:

CHIROPRACTIC CARE FOR VETERANS Section

(more…)

Compliance with Clinical Practice Guidelines in Family Physicians Managing Worker’s Compensation Board Patients with Acute Lower Back Pain

By |November 23, 2022|Chiropractic Management, Workers' Compensation|

Compliance with Clinical Practice Guidelines in Family Physicians Managing Worker’s Compensation Board Patients with Acute Lower Back Pain

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   Spine J 2003 (Nov); 3 (6): 442–450


Paul B. Bishop, DC, MD, PhD, Peter C. Wing, MB, MSc, ChB, FRCS(C)

Combined Neurosurgical and Orthopaedic Spine Program,
Heather Pavilion, Vancouver General Hospital,
Vancouver, BC, Canada



Background context:   Family physician compliance with acute lower back pain clinical practice guidelines remains uncertain.

Purpose:   To determine the degree of guideline compliance of family physicians managing patients with workers’ compensation claims and acute mechanical lower back pain.

Study design:   Observational study.

Patient sample:   One hundred thirty-nine family physicians in British Columbia.

Outcome measures:   Compliance with guideline recommendations for history, examination procedures, diagnostic testing and treatments.

Methods:   Physician workers’ compensation board patient reports for acute lower back pain without leg symptoms and not greater than 2 to 3 weeks duration were scored for guideline adherence up until 12 weeks after onset.

Results:   Physicians demonstrated a high degree of compliance with the guideline-recommended history, examination procedures and medications, but low compliance with recommended imaging and many treatment recommendations.

There is more like this @ our:

LOW BACK PAIN Section and the:

WORKERS’ COMPENSATION Section

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Treatment of Lower Back Pain-The Gap between Guideline-Based Treatment and Medical Care Reality

By |November 17, 2022|Guidelines, Initial Provider, Low Back Pain|

Treatment of Lower Back Pain-The Gap between Guideline-Based Treatment and Medical Care Reality

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   Healthcare (Basel) 2016 (Jul 15); 4 (3): 44 ~ FULL TEXT

  OPEN ACCESS   

Andreas Werber and Marcus Schiltenwolf

Department of Orthopedics and Orthopedic Surgery,
University Hospital Giessen,
Klinikstr. 33, 35392
Giessen, Germany



Despite the fact that unspecific low back pain is of important impact in general health care, this pain condition is often treated insufficiently. Poor efficiency has led to the necessity of guidelines addressing evidence-based strategies for treatment of lower back pain (LBP). We present some statements of the German medical care reality. Self-responsible action of the patient should be supported while invasive methods in particular should be avoided due to lacking evidence in outcome efficiency. However, it has to be stated that no effective implementation strategy has been established yet. Especially, studies on the economic impact of different implementation strategies are lacking.

A lack of awareness of common available guidelines and an uneven distribution of existing knowledge throughout the population can be stated: persons with higher risk suffering from LBP by higher professional demands and lower educational level are not skilled in advised management of LBP. Both diagnostic imaging and invasive treatment methods increased dramatically leading to increased costs and doctor workload without being associated with improved patient functioning, severity of pain or overall health status due to the absence of a functioning primary care gate keeping system for patient selection.

Opioids are prescribed on a grand scale and over a long period. Moreover, opioid prescription is not indicated properly, when predominantly persons with psychological distress like somatoform disorders are treated with opioids.

Keywords:   guideline-based treatment; low back pain; somatisation.


From the FULL TEXT Article:

There is more like this @ our:

INITIAL PROVIDER Section and the:

LOW BACK PAIN Section

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