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Case Studies

A Case of Eagle Syndrome in a Chiropractic Patient

By |May 8, 2023|Case Studies, Chiropractic Management|

A Case of Eagle Syndrome in a Chiropractic Patient

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Cureus 2023 (May 2); 15 (5): e38426


Leonard F Vernon

Clinical Sciences,
Sherman College of Chiropractic,
Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA.

Eagle syndrome is a rare condition that is characterized by, among other things, pain in the face and neck, with the majority of cases being unilateral and isolated to the lower jaw. It is not uncommon for the pain to radiate to the ear. Symptoms can be constant or intermittent and may increase with yawning or rotation of the head, causing Eagle syndrome to be frequently misdiagnosed. The objective of this report is to summarize the symptoms, diagnostic workup, necessary imaging, and management of Eagle syndrome.

Keywords:   advanced imaging; chiropractic; eagle syndrome; non-specific neck pain; trauma.

From the FULL TEXT Article:


The styloid process attaches the temporal bone of the skull and abuts to the styloid foramen, where it has numerous attachments, including the stylohyoid and stylomandibular ligaments and styloglossus and stylopharyngeus muscles. Derived from the Greek word “stylos”, which implies the pillar in Greek. The length of the styloid process has been reported by some authors to range between 15.2 mm and 47.7 mm [1, 2], with various authors labeling an elongated styloid process as anything >30 mm while Wat W. Eagle, an otolaryngologist, whom the syndrome is named after, believed that a length >25 mm is considered elongated. [3] A radiographic study by Dayal et al. seems to confirm Eagle’s assertion. [4] Watt found the incidence of elongated styloid process is 4% in the general population, of which only 4%-10% are reported to be symptomatic, with a female-to-male ratio of 3:1. It is usually reported in adults after the third decade of life. [5, 6]

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Chiropractic Nimmo Receptor-Tonus Technique and McKenzie Self-Therapy Program in the Management of Adjacent Segment Disease: A Case Report

By |January 17, 2022|Adjacent Segment Disease, Case Studies, McKenzie, Myofascial Disorder, Myofascial Trigger Points|

Chiropractic Nimmo Receptor-Tonus Technique and McKenzie Self-Therapy Program in the Management of Adjacent Segment Disease: A Case Report

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   J Chiropractic Medicine 2020 (Dec); 19 (4): 249–259

Emsal Salik, MD PhD; Ali Donat, DC; Mustafa Hulisi Ağaoğlu, DC

Chiropractic Program,
Health Sciences Institute,
Bahcesehir University,
Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey

Objective:   The objective of the present study objective was to describe adjacent segment disease (ASD) from a chiropractic management prospective and subsequently to stimulate further research into the chiropractic therapeutic effects on such cases and to contribute to chiropractic literature.

Clinical features:   A 44–year-old woman had a history of lumbar stabilization revision operation by pedicle screw fixation for spondylolisthesis. Her intractable back pain episodes, which were diagnosed as ASD, began shortly after this surgery. At presentation, she was taking pregabalin 75 mg 2 times a day for postoperative neuropathic pain without any pain relief. Clinical testing revealed myofascial tender points reproducing the pain.

Intervention and outcome:   After taking the case history and performing a physical examination, the patient was managed with chiropractic Nimmo receptor-tonus technique in combination with McKenzie exercises. Nimmo was applied by manually pressing on clinically relevant points for 5 to 15 seconds in 11 visits over 3 weeks. The patient by herself did McKenzie exercises 5 to 10 times a day for 10 to 12 repetitions over 2 months. After 3 weeks of therapy, visual analog scale and Oswestry Disability Index scores were improved. Furthermore, because of the amelioration of the patient’s symptoms, her neurosurgeon successfully discontinued pregabalin 75 mg 2 times a day without negative consequences to care.

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